1 Mountain Economy Center “CE-MONT” / INCE, Street Petreni, no. 49, 725700, Vatra Dornei, Romania
2 Department of Physiology, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Manăștur Street, no. 3–5, 400037, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
General progress, equally in the biological and medical sciences, has culminated in the classification of diseases with high specificity in mountain areas and with economic repercussions for cattle and sheep farmers in these areas. Fasciolosis is one of these diseases that evolves all over the world and throughout Romania, especially in hilly and mountainous areas, on wetlands with pastures and grasslands rich in limneid (snail) biotopes, with a higher incidence in hot summers and rain, favored in recent years by climate change. The disease affects a large number of farm animals, creating large losses from an economic point of view, through high mortality (especially in sheep), high morbidity up to 50%, significant decrease in meat production, milk and their recovery costs veterinary sanitary.
Keywords: fasciolosis, sheep, cattle, biotope, economic, production